COBIT 5 Foundation

COBIT 5 Product Family

The COBIT 5 framework is built on five basic principles, which are covered in detail, and includes extensive guidance on enablers for governance and management of enterprise IT.

The COBIT 5 product family includes the following products:
• COBIT 5 (the framework)
• COBIT 5 enabler guides, in which governance and management enablers are discussed in detail. These include:
  – COBIT 5: Enabling Processes
  – COBIT 5: Enabling Information
  – Other enabler guides (check
• COBIT 5 professional guides, which include:
  – COBIT 5 Implementation
  – COBIT 5 for Information Security 
  – COBIT 5 for Assurance 
  – COBIT 5 for Risk
  – Other professional guides (check
• A collaborative online environment, which will be available to support the use of COBIT 5

COBIT 5 Principles


1. Meeting Stakeholder Needs > Goal cascade


2. Covering the Enterprise End-to-End > Who are involved?



3. Applying a Single Integrated Framework > Completeness and Integration


4. Enabling a Holistic Approach > 7 Enablers

Refer to COBIT 5 Enabler

5. Separating Governance From Management > Segregation of duty between Governance & Management


 COBIT 5 Enablers


COBIT 5 Enabler Dimensions


COBIT 5 Process Reference Model (PRM) (Enabler 2)




COBIT 5 Metadata – Information Cycle (Enabler 5)


The following descriptions can be given to the layers and information attributes:

Physical world layer—The world where all phenomena that can be empirically observed take place
– Information carrier/media—The attribute that identifies the physical carrier of the information, e.g., paper, electric signals, sound waves

Empiric layer—The empirical observation of the signs used to encode information and their distinction from each other and from background noise
– Information access channel—The attribute that identifies the access channel of the information, e.g., user interfaces

Syntactic layer—The rules and principles for constructing sentences in natural or artificial languages. Syntax refers to the form of information.
– Code/language—Attribute that identifies the representational language/format used for encoding the information and the rules for combining the symbols of the language to form syntactic structures.

Semantic layer—The rules and principles for constructing meaning out of syntactic structures. Semantics refers to the meaning of information.
– Information type—The attribute that identifies the kind of information, e.g., financial vs. non-financial information, internal vs. external origin of the information, forecasted/predicted vs. observed values, planned vs. realised values
– Information currency—The attribute that identifies the time horizon referred to by the information, i.e., information on the past, the present or the future
– Information level—The attribute that identifies the degree of detail of the information, e.g., sales per year, quarter, month

Pragmatic layer—The rules and structures for constructing larger language structures that fulfil specific purposes in human communication. Pragmatics refers to the use of information.
– Retention period—The attribute that identifies how long information can be retained before it is destroyed
– Information status—The attribute that identifies whether the information is operational or historical
– Novelty—The attribute that identifies whether the information creates new knowledge or confirms existing knowledge,  i.e., information vs. confirmation
– Contingency—The attribute that identifies the information that is required to precede this information (for it to be considered as information)

Social world layer—The world that is socially constructed through the use of language structures at the pragmatic level of semiotics, e.g., contracts, law, culture
– Context—The attribute that identifies the context in which the information makes sense, is used, has value, etc., e.g., cultural context, subject domain context

COBIT 5 Life Cycle Implementation



COBIT 5 Process Capability Assessment Model (PAM)


COBIT 5 Coverage of Other Standards & Frameworks


COBIT 5 Exam Sample:

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